On how timely and correctly you will approach the upbringing of a puppy, depends on its further development, behavior, and mutual understanding with it. Many people believe that it is necessary to start raising and training a dog after it turns 7-8 months, and before this age, it is enough just to walk with the dog, teach it to the house, the street, and especially not to strain the puppy with various training exercises. This opinion is erroneous. Start training and overall education of the puppy is necessary from the first day of the dog’s appearance in the house.
Where to start?
First of all, choose a nickname for your dog and train your pet to respond to this name and your voice. Do not assign the puppy complex long nicknames that are difficult to pronounce. It is better to choose a shorter and more resonant version that is easy to pronounce and understandable to your dog. It is easy to train a puppy to a nickname – it is enough to call its name at each appeal and support this action with a treat, stroking or playing. Over time, the nickname will become a conditional signal for the dog, to which it will respond by showing attention to the one who pronounces it.
Teach your puppy hygiene
At first, walking with a puppy is undesirable. It is recommended to stay at home until the end of vaccination procedures, so at this time, designate the puppy a place for departure of natural needs. This can be an absorbent diaper, an old towel, or a tray. Place them close to the front door. Wake up, play, or eat a puppy push to this place or carry it in your arms. Wait until the puppy has done its business, and then do not change the diaper or wash the tray for one day. The smell will attract the puppy next time, which will allow him to quickly get used to going to the toilet in one place.
As soon as the puppy is allowed to go for a walk, the tray or diaper should be removed. It is desirable to take the puppy for a walk as often as possible. Then he will quickly get used to going to the toilet only on the street.
Train your puppy to the spot
As your own place, which should be a puppy, you can choose a litter, a soft mattress of small size, a bed, a softbox, a cage or a container. The main condition for choosing a pet is the comfort and convenience of the pet.
Place the place for the puppy in a cozy corner of the house or apartment, it should not be in the kitchen, not on the aisle, and away from heating devices. Each time, taking the puppy to the place or sending it there, support its actions with a treat and affectionate words. If the puppy settles down to rest in other places of your house, carefully take it to its place, Pat it and say a couple of gentle words.
The place for a dog is its small house, in which it should be quiet, cozy and safe. It is to this perception of the dog’s place that you should strive.
Never punish the dog by sending it to its place, and still less do not punish or disturb the dog when it is in its place.
Don’t make a beggar out of a dog
Many puppies begin to beg quite actively when family members or the owner takes food. Never, under any circumstances, feed the puppy from the table or near the table. Don’t do it yourself and don’t let anyone do it. Just once treat your dog to something from the table during breakfast, lunch or dinner, and you will get a beggar dog that will not only look at you with sad eyes and drool at the table but will also make sure to check what is left on it when you leave the kitchen.
Do not provoke the dog to destructive behavior
Many puppies have fun using the shoes of the owner and other family members as toys. They examine furniture, electrical wires, curtains, and the contents of trash cans and flower pots. All this is due to the fact that the puppy needs play and active actions for development. Puppies are essentially explorers, and as a rule, they are very fond of trying all the objects of their interest to the tooth.
- What do you need to do to ensure that the actions of the puppy do not turn out to be a devastating disaster for your home? Here are some useful tips:
- Raise the wires lying on the floor to an inaccessible height for the puppy;
- Put your home and outdoor shoes in your closets. If the puppy is interested in curtains, lift them to the windowsill for a while;
- Provide your dog with toys and take an active part in the game yourself;
- If the puppy can already walk, make sure that the walk was not a slow promenade, but took place in good dynamics and with metered physical activity. Tired after a walk, the puppy will eat and rest with an appetite, gaining strength. Time and energy for hooliganism under this regime will not remain for him.
Don’t let your puppy become a leader
- Almost all dogs as adults are characterized by the manifestation of dominant behavior. This can be determined by the following actions:
- The puppy actively bites his hands, showing while imitating aggression (growls, gets angry, does not respond to the ban);
- It takes up space on a bed, sofa, or chair, and when you try to move it back, it resists;
- Does not respond to the ban and tries to climb on the table in search of food;
- Actively resists and tries to bite when examining its ears, teeth, rubbing its paws, combing;
- He growls and guards his food, does not allow you to take the bowl in your hands;
- The puppy tries to run out of the house or apartment before you, without paying attention to prohibitions;
- Actively tries to impose communication on you, prevents you from resting, constantly pesters, barks does not respond to commands;
- Behaves unnecessarily independently on a walk, does not approach the command “to me”, runs away.
Your task is to deprive the puppy of the attributes of a leader and try to make it perceive you as a leader and obey implicitly. Only under such conditions can you stop the dominant behavior and eliminate further problems of education and training of your dog.